Country name Conventional Long Form: Republic of Zimbabwe
Conventional Short Form: Zimbabwe
Government Type: Parliamentary Democracy
Administrative Divisions: 8 provinces and 2 cities* with provincial status; Bulawayo*, Harare*, Manicaland, Mashonaland Central, Mashonaland East, Mashonaland West, Masvingo, Matabeleland North, Matabeleland South and Midlands.
Independence: 18 April 1980
National Day: 18 April
Legal System: Mixture of Roman –Dutch and English Common Law
Suffrage: 18 years of age, universal
Executive Branch: Chief of State
Executive President Robert Gabriel MUGABE (since 31 December 1987); The President is both the chief of State
and head of Government.
The President appoints Co-Vice Presidents and the Cabinet
Co-Vice Presidents: Joseph Msika (Since 23 December 1999) and Joyce MUJURU, (Since 6 December 2004 )
Cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the President, responsible to the House of Assembly
Elections:Presidential candidates nominated with a nomination paper signed by at least 10 registered voters (at least one from each province) and elected by popular vote for a 5-year term.
(1) The Senate
- 66 elected members from the 60 Senatorial Constituencies (6 from each of the 10 provinces).
- 5 members appointed by the State President.
- 16 Chiefs elected from the Chief's electoral colleges, 2 from each of the eight rural provinces.
- The President and Deputy President of the National Chiefs Council elected by the National Council of Chiefs.
(2) The House of Assembly
- 210 members from the 210 House of Assembly Constituencies.
The Attorney General sits in both houses as an ex-officio member.
Judicial Branch: Supreme Court; High Court
Political Parties and Leaders
Zimbabwe African National Union Patriotic Front (ZANU PF) (Robert Gabriel Mugabe), Movement for Democratic Change (MDC) (Morgan Tsvangirai), Movement for Democratic Change (Arthur Mutambara), Zimbabwe African National Union (ZANU) (Wilson Khumbula), Multi-People’s Democratic Party of Zimbabwe (MPDP) (E.Moyana),Multi-Racial Christian Democratic Party (MC-DP) (Mathias Guchuchu), Zimbabwe People’s Progressive Democratic Party (ZPPDP) (T. Mudavanhu), Zimbabwe People’s Party (ZPP) (N. Chakawa), ZANU Ndonga (R. Semwayo- Spokeperson), United Democratic People’s Constitution (UDPC) (T. Mhuruyengwe).
Political Pressure Groups: National Constitutional Assembly or NCA
International Organisation Participation:
ACP, AfDB, C, CCC, ECA, FAO, G-15, G-17, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, Intelsat, IOC, IOM (observer), ISO, ITU, NAM, OAU, OPCW, PCA, SADC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNMIK, UNTAET, UPU, WCL, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WtoO, WTrO